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During the late Middle Ages, a slow transition began from the traditional wooden houses in towns and villages towards half-timbered properties.
One of the oldest in Denmark is Anne Hvides Gård, a two-storeyed townhouse in Svendborg on the island of Funen, which was constructed in 1560.
The oldest surviving half-timbered house in Denmark, built in 1527, is located in Køge on the east coast of Sealand.
The building contains many defensive features of the times, including parapets, false doors, dead-end corridors, murder-holes for pouring boiling pitch over the attackers, moats, drawbridges and various other death traps to protect the nobles against peasant uprisings.Neoclassicism came initially from France but was slowly adopted by native Danish architects who increasingly participated in defining architectural style.A productive period of Historicism ultimately merged into the 19th century National Romantic style.The flat ceilings were replaced by high cross vaults, windows were enlarged with pointed arches, chapels and towers were added and the interiors were decorated with murals. Although most Gothic architecture in Denmark is to be found in churches and monasteries, there are examples in the secular field too.Red brick was the material of choice as can be seen in St. Glimmingehus (1499–1506), a rectangular castle in Scania, clearly presents Gothic features.
In parallel, the half-timbered style became popular for ordinary dwellings in towns and villages across the country.